Periodontal disease (also known as periodontal infection, gum disease or pyorrhea) is an ongoing infection in the gums around your teeth. The cause of periodontal disease is infectious bacteria that gets deep into your gums and causes tissue inflammation. This infection starts destroying the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontal Disease Progression There are several stages of gum disease, Gingivitis, which is the early stage of gum disease, to slight, moderate, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis or early gum disease is treatable and, in many cases, reversible with the non-invasive hygiene visit. This procedure is called gingivitis therapy. Peri-implant disease, periodontal abscess (immediate referral) Patient age younger than 40 with bone loss and probe depths 6mm+ Treatment Resistant. Post SRP 4-6 week re-eval, if fail to get a good response (probe depths still remaining 6mm+ localized or generalized 5mm+) Unresolved inflammation at any given site; Refractory/recurrent disease A rationale for treatment or referral of each specific periodontal disease is given. A survey of the 3,048 Active and Affiliate members of the American Academy of Periodontology was conducted A common disease Around 40% of all adults suffer from periodontitis – often without knowing it. The disease develops slowly and often without pain or visible signs. The sooner it is diagnosed and treated, the better. Healthy gums Healthy gums are pale, pink and firm.
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